”create healthy habits not the restriction”
”create healthy habits not the restriction”
Granola is an important part of breakfast but choosing a healthy and nutritious granola is a difficult task as store bought granola is loaded with sugar and fats. To kick start your day with healthy and easy to go breakfast, graonla is best option. Homemade granola is very easy to make just one big bowl and some basic pantry items and your breakfast is sorted.
My home made granola has no added sugar as i add honey and dates (natural sweeteners).This recipe is highly addictive and endlessly customisable. you can enjoy it as quick breakfast or crunchy snack with some fruit toppings.
We know that obesity is a risk factor for several non communicable diseases, it can lead to diabetes and other metabolic conditions, but there is less awareness that obesity can lead to serious liver disease.It is estimated up to 1 in every 3 people in the UK has early stages of NAFLD, where there are small amounts of fat in their liver.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the accumulation of triglycerides in the liver cell and this buildup is independent of alcohol consumption. It is a spectrum of disorder ranging from less severe steatosis (fatty liver) to more severe non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), where the liver has become inflamed; this is estimated to affect up to 5% of the UK population. Fibrosis and cirrhosis develop at later stages and lead to liver failure and sometimes liver carcinoma.
There is no specific pharmacological treatment for NFALD. However, various medicines can be useful in managing the problems associated with the condition like;medications for high cholesterol, high blood pressure and Insulin sanitizers.
There is a strong consensus that lifestyle interventions such as diet, physical activity and weight reduction can help in preventing and reduces the progression of the disease. A metanalysis of 23 trials shows that lifestyle modification including weight loss and physically activity consistently reduced liver fat and improved histopathology.
WELL BALANCED DIET; Diet consists of vegetables and fruits with less processed carbohydrates. Low Glycemic index carbohydrates with more fibre content also reduce insulin resistance which is directly linked with NAFLD. Low caloric diet intake ( 3-6 months) either low carbohydrates or low fat diet results in weight loss and improved lipid profile.
Intake of polyunsaturated fats especially omega 3 fatty acids reduces the risk of NAFLD. Mediterianean diet is a best source of mono unsaturated fatty acids( MUFA) like n– oleic acid (olives, nuts, avocado), which play an important role in the metabolic profile of human metabolism. MUFA has been demonstrated a beneficial effect on lipid profile bt decreasing plasma triacylglycerol and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol concentrations and modestly increasing high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol without adversely affecting low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations.
Soft drinks are leading cause of added sugars in the world and different observational studies report a positive association between soft drink consumption and NAFLD. Soft drinks like cola drinks contain caramel coloring, which is rich in advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that may increase insulin resistance and inflammation.
Observational studies have demonstrated a favourable impact of coffee intake on health and in particular a protective effect from the metabolic syndrome. Coffee contain polyphenols chlorogenic acid which acts as antoxidants, anti inflammatory and reduces the risks of developing NAFLD and cardiovascular diseases.
Regular physical activity: There is a dose-response relationship between NAFLD and physical activity (both prevalence and disease severity, therefore, the more physical activity performed throughout the day, the better! Aim to do at least 150 minutes/week of physical activity like walking or cycling. Increasing daily walking has also been shown to improve fat oxidation and is a way of increasing physical activity levels at no cost and without additional equipment. Aerobic and resistance exercises both improves NAFLD. A systematic review (24 exercise-only studies) revealed that exercise produced a 20–30% relative reduction in hepatic steatosis, independent of weight loss in NAFLD patients.
weight reduction: Based on available data, patients should optimally achieve a 5%-10% weight reduction. A prospective study with 7 years of follow up emphasized that even a modest weight change of 3–5 kg is an independent predictor for the development and remission of NAFLD, regardless of baseline body mass index (BMI).
Lifestyle interventions can be highly effective in treating NAFLD across the disease spectrum and offer a holistic way of managing not only liver health, but also cardiovascular and metabolic health. Patients often feel difficult to achieve and implement these modifications, however with proper and individualized support suffient long term changes can be possible.
always set Smart, Meaurable, Achievable, Relevant, Timely goals
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not as simple as just having an unhappy gut, its not all in our head either. IBS not only manifest as painful gut but it also affects patients confidence, body image and mental health.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common chronic functional disease of the digestive system. Around 20% of the world population is affected by this order. Women are around 2 to 3 times more likely to be diagnosed with IBS and 4 to 5 times more likely to seek specialty care for it than men.
A variety of gastrointestinal and extraintestinal factors are likely to influence the manifestation of IBS. Dysregulation of the brain-gut axis, gastrointestinal infection, low-grade infiltration and activation of mast cells in the intestinal mucosa with consequent release of bioactive substances, and altered serotonin metabolism are the emerging factors of IBS pathogenesis.
sex hormones like estrogen and progesterone affect motor and sensory function of GIT and triggfer IBS symptoms in women before or during mensturation.
The most common symptoms of IBS are abdominal pain, bloating, altered bowel movements diarrhea or constipation. Some people may experience both constipationa and diarrhea at different time. IBS is also associated with psychological disorders like anxiety and depression, gastroesophageal reflux and genitourinary infections. women with IBS may be at risk of developing endometriosis or having a hystercetomy.
Only symptomatic treatment is available for IBS, the choice of drug treatment depends on the nature and severity of the symptoms. Many drug treatment options for IBS are available over-the-counter. According to NICE guidelines, Antispasmodic drugs (such as alverine citrate, mebeverine hydrochloride and peppermint oil) can be taken in addition to dietary and lifestyle changes. A laxative (excluding lactulose as it may cause bloating) can be used to treat constipation.
Antidepressants like amitriptyline and citalopram can be used as a second line of treatment in patients who have not responded to antispasmodics, anti-motility drugs, or laxatives. A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor may be considered in those who do not respond to a tricyclic antidepressant [unlicensed indication]
Diet plays an important role in IBS management as it controls symptoms, but it does not necessarily target the underlying cause. so if you eliminate the foods that trigger your symptoms it improves your IBS symptoms but, when trigger foods are reintroduced, often symptoms also return. In IBS management, the way you eat and what you eat both have an important impact on gut symptoms.
Fibre in IBS; Fibre is double edge sword in IBS as for some it is a blessing and for other IBS patients, it can worsen their symptoms. When considering fibre, it is important to look at both the quantity and the type of fibre (insoluble or soluble), as too little or too much fibre can trigger IBS symptoms.
Quality of fibre also matters. soluble fibre and insoluble fibre behave very differently when they reach the digestive system. If an increase in dietary fibre is required always to prefer soluble fibre as they dissolve in water and remove excess fluid and that how they are good in IBS with diarrhea.
Intake of insoluble fibre (e.g. bran) and ‘resistant starch’ should be reduced or discouraged as they may exacerbate symptoms.
There is a group of carbohydrates found in different foods which causes IBS symptoms as they are poorly absorbed in the small intestine. FODMAP is a term used for these foods. f=fermented,o=oligosaccharide,d= disaccharides, m=monosacchrides,p= polyols. these are present in the stonefruits, legumes, lactose-containing foods, and artificial sweeteners might exacerbate symptoms in a subgroup of patients due to their fermentation and osmotic
Low FODMAP diet ; Low fodmap diet is a sceond line approach for IBS patients. It improves IBS symptoms in around 70% of patients however, this diet is not for a lifetime and should be introduced under the supervision of qualified professionals. For more about low fodmap diet, which food are included, phases of this diet, visit this website. https://www.monashfodmap.com/
Physical activities boost mood and also good for the gut muscles. Low-intensity exercises like walking, swimming, cycling, light jogging can help reduce stress and control IBS symptoms.
IBS is considered a disorder of gut and brain and any kind of stress, physical or psychological have a direct effect on the symptoms of IBS as evident by data. Relaxation and other stress-reduction techniques could bring a sense of wellbeing and have an impact on the severity of IBS symptoms.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT); There is increasing evidence for the efficacy of CBT in alleviating the physical and psychological symptoms of IBS.
Sleep disturbance is very common among IBS patients. studies show positive association between sleep deprivation and worse gut symptoms. Poor bad night sleep results in bad IBS day symptoms. Sleep quality and duration equally important, but one in three adult do not get quality sleep.
IBS is a chronic disorder ofthe digestive system but for the majority of patient, it is frustrating and its effect on the quality of life make it a disease with high cost. Current medical tratment for IBS, only targets the symptoms of this disorder. IBS can be managed by identifying what triggers the symptoms, which food is good for IBS. Non diet approach like physical activity, relaxing tecniques all show promising results in alleviating IBS sypmtoms.IBS symptoms varies from person to person so personalized interventions are important.
The shoe that fits one person pinches another; there is no recepie for living that suits all
Iodine, one of the most important micronutrient required at all stages of life. Iodine is essential for the synthesis of Thyroid hormone, triidothyronine (T3 )and thyroxine (T4) which regulates body metabolism. Thyroid hormones receptors are presents in almost every cell of the body, so they are important regulators of many physiological processes includes brain development, growth, metabolism and cardiac function. Iodine plays a vital role in brain development during early pregnacy till childhood. Many brain structures and systems appear to be affected with iodine deficiency, including areas such as the hippocampus, microstructures such as myelin, and neurotransmitters.
25 -30mg of iodine present in a healthy body, 80% of which is stored in the thyroid gland. The non hormonal iodine is found in a variety of body tissues including mammary glands, eye, gastric mucosa, cervix and salivary glands.
In the UK, the recommended daily intake of iodine for a healthy adult (male and female) is140 microgram and there is no specific recommendation for pregnant and breastfeeding women. As during pregnancy, iodine requirement increases so the British Dietetic Association (BDA) suggested 200 microgramm of iodine per day for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Milk and dairy products fish and eggs are a major source of iodine. In the UK, milk and dairy products provide as much as 34% of iodine intake. Fortified milk is recommended for those who are using non dairy milk alternative. however, a study conducted by the University of surry revealed that only a few plant based milk brands in UK are fortified with iodine.
Fruits and vegetables also contain iodine but the amount varies depending on the iodine content of the soil, fertilizers use up and irrigation practice. The table below produced by BDA shows the iodine content of food in the UK.
Some vegetables impair absorption of iodine like cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and soya) and cause swelling of the thyroid gland (goitre) due to low levels of thyroid hormones. However, normal consumption of cruciferous vegetable does not appear to increase the risk of hypothyroidism unless accompanied by iodine deficiency.
Globally, iodine deficiency is a serious public health issue and it is estimated that around 2 billion people all over the world are iodine deficient. iodine deficiency leads to hypothyroidism which causes impair neurodevelopment in early childhood.
It is claimed by WHO that iodine deficiency is the most significant preventable cause of brain damage and mental retardation. Severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy causes Endemic cretenism( congenital hypothyroidism) in the newborn which is marked by gross mental retardation, deaf mutism, short stature.
iodine deficiency causes a spectrum of disorders in different age groups collectively known as iodine deficiency disorders ( DIDs). The effects of IDD in humans at different stages of life are presented in the following pyramid.
Iodine deficiency can be corrected by adding iodine to dietary media like salt, oil, water, sauces etc. The methods of proven value for mass use are iodized salt and iodized oil. To this end, fortification of salt with iodine has been identified and considered to be the most suitable method of fortification.
universal iodized salt is recommended intervention by WHO for iodine deficiency however, in the UK there is no iodized fortification program and most sale salts are not fortified. it is better to meet iodine requirement through diet.
Iodine is essential for thyroid hormone production and its deficiency may impair body metabolism and brain development.
The best way to meet your daily iodine requirement is eating a healthy well balanced diet. People with different dietary choices like vegan and vegetraian are increased risk of developing iodine deficiency.
vegans should check their iodine levels and in case of iodine deficiency, consume iodine supplements but always consult GP, dietitian or nutritionist before using iodine supplements.
Strong evidence is still needed to conclude the efficacy of iodine supplementation in mild to moderate iodine deficient women on the cognitive function of their children.
Avoid seaweed based supplements as they may cause iodine intoxication.
Iron is one of the most important micronutrient required for normal functioning of the body. About 70% of stored iron found in red blood cells and muscles cells. Red blood cells contain a protein called haemoglobin which is composed of four subunits and each subunit contain hemegroup (iron in the centre), oxygen bind to this heme group, while myoglobin in muscles cells stored, transport and release oxygen whenever body needed.
According to British dietetic association, daily recommendations for iron varies. People have different requirements, acoording to heir age, sex, physiological state like pregnancy, and sometimes their state of health. Routine iron supplementation is not recommended for pregnant women in UK.
|infants 0-3 months 1.7mg|
4-6 months 4.3 mg
7-12 months 7.8mg
|childrens 1-3 years 6.9mg|
4-6 years 6.1mg
7-10 years 8.7 mg
|Adolescents 11- 18 years 14.8 mg(girls)|
|Adults 19-55 years 14.8 mg(females)|
19-55 years 8.7 mg(males)
Iron is found in two forms; heme and non heme. heme is animal derived iron and absorbed rapidly as compared to non heme iron which ismostly derived from plant. Heme iron absorb at the rate of 35% while non heme absorb at the rate of 25% and its absorption affected by several factors in food like ; Phytate (present in fibre containing food), Tannins (present in tea and coffee) and calcium. Certain medicines like H2 receptors blockers (used for the treatment of acidity and stomach ulcers), Cholesterol-lowering medications inhibit the absorption of iron.
Vitamin C reduces the inhibitory effect of phytates, polyphenols, calcium and egg proteins and enhances the absorption of iron.
Spinach; spinach is a rich source of iron, about 3.5 ounces of raw spinach contain 2.7mg of iron
Broccoli; Broccoli is a good source of iron,1 cup of cooked broccoli contains 1 mg of iron. Moreover, it is packed with vitamin C, which helps in iron absorption.
Dates; they are an excellent source of iron, carry 0.90 mg/100 g of fruits.
Dried apricots contain 2.6 milligrams of iron per 100 grams.
Red meat; 3.5 ounces of ground beef contain 6.5 mg of iron.
Turkey; 3.5 ounces (100gramm) of turkey meat has 1.43 mg of iron.
Legumes; beans lentils chickpeas peas and soybean are all good sources of iron, one cup of cooked lentils contain 6.6mg of iron.
Quinoa; 185 gm of cooked quinoa contains 2.8mg of iron.
Pumpkin seeds; 1 ounce of pumpkin seeds contains 2.5 mg of iron.
Low iron status may result in iron deficiency anaemia, more than 2 billion people all over the world suffering from iron defiecency anaemia, making it the most common nutritional deficiency condition.
iron deficency anaemia in pregnant women increases the risk of prinatal infections, pre eclampsia and bleeding. Mternal anaemia also associated with poor fetal wellbieng and is linked to the low birth weight, prematurity and fetal death.
Excess iron intake can also harmful. certain epidemiological studies indicate a link between high iron intake and increased incidence of cardio vascular disease, type2 diabetes and some cancer of digestive tracrt.
Migraine is common all over the world, it has been estimated that it affects around 1 in every 5 women and around 1 in every 15 men.Migraine is not a just common headache, it is a chronic condition affecting all aspect of life. 90% of people who suffer from migraines are unable to function or work properly during their migraines. According to a report published by Work Foundation UK “Migraine costs the UK economy £8.8 billion per year in lost productivity.
Migraine symptoms vary from person to person, however the majority of patients presented with three main symptoms;
There are different phases of migraine like; prodrome phase, aura phase and resolution phase.
Many migraineurs experience vague vegetative or affective symptoms
as much as 24 hours prior to the onset of a migraine attack. This phase is called the prodrome and should not be confused with the aura phase. Aura phase is consist of neurological symptoms like sensitivity to light or sound.
Within an hour of resolution of the aura symptoms, the typical migraine headache usually appears with its unilateral throbbing pain and associated nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light(photophobia), or sound (phonophobia). This headache may persist for up to 72 hours if untreated and ended with resolution phase which is characterized by deep sleep.
The exact cause of migraine remains unclear, but there is often family history of migraine, suggestive of genetic predisposition. Additionally, research suggests that variations within the dopamine D2 receptor gene also may have some effect on susceptibility to migraine. Thus, genetic studies are providing important information about the molecular basis
of migraine. Migraine is also considered as a neurovascular disease because of throbbing nature of headache. According to Dr. John Detre, a professor of neurology and radiology:
Abnormalities in both the circle of Willis and blood flow were most prominent in the back of the brain, where the visual cortex is located. This may help explain why the most common migraine auras consist of visual symptoms such as seeing distortions, spots or wavy lines.”
Every one has different migrain trigger but there are few common triggers which may initiate the attack of migraine like;
There is no specific treatment for migraine but certiain medicine can be effective for acute attack like
if attacks are frequents, prevention of migraine can be treated by propranolol or tricyclic such as amitriptilyin
If you suspect a specific trigger is causing your migraines, such as stress or a certain type of food, avoiding this trigger may help reduce your risk of experiencing migraines.
It may also help to maintain a generally healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, sleep and meals, as well as ensuring you stay well hydrated and limiting your intake of caffeine and alcohol.
Keeping track of your migraine headach bu using migraine journal can help you identify the triggers and potentially reduces the frequency of your attack
If your migraines are severe or you have tried avoiding possible triggers and are still experiencing symptoms, a GP may prescribe medicines to help prevent further attacks.
if dark and cold weather makes you depressed and tired, learn about Seasonal affective disorder and what are the best ways to treat it.
Seasonal affective disorder or winter blue is a mood disorder in which people may experience depression/anxiety mostly in winters although they have normal mental health. Around 6%of UK population and between 2-8%of people in other high latitude countries such as Denmark, Canada and Sweden these symptoms may interfere with the normal routine of people and they are unable to perform their work or function properly due to the severity of these symptoms. women are 40% more likely than men to experience symptoms of SAD.
Advanced glycation end products are pro-inflammatory molecules found in various foods (animal derived proteins and processed food). They also formed inside the body by a chemical reaction called Glycation. AGEs from diet absorbed partially in the intestine (only 30% ) and about two third of absorbed AGEs remain in the body for 3 day resulting in increased oxidative stress and inflammation.
Urbarri and his colleagues formed a database of 560 different food and their AGEs content based on standard serving size. This database revealed that AGEs content of food depends on several factors like type of food, cooking temperature and cooking time.Food with higher content of proteins and fats are rich sources of exogenous AGEs as compared to carbohydrates.
The AGES Pyramid
Advanced glycation end products are believed to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of different diseases like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), diabetes, liver diseases, heart diseases, arthritis and kidney failure. our body can eliminate AGEs by enzymatic mechanisms and through the kidney. however, when we consume too much AGEs, they begin to accumulate in our body and promote oxidative stress and inflammation.There is also evidence that people with Diabetes and PCOS have higher levels of AGEs in their body as compared to healthy population.
limited data is available regarding the exact amount of AGEs intake however, according to Uribarri, the average total daily adult consumption of AGEs in our diet is around 16,000 AGE kU/day. Therefore, a high-AGE diet is often referred to as anything significantly above 16,000 kilo units daily and anything well below this is considered as low AGEs diet.
studies has shown that by restricting the dietary intake of AGEs in patients with diabetes and kidney diseases as well as in healthy people, reduces the markers of oxidative stress and inflammation.one study reported that consumption of low AGEs diet over 4 weeks improve insulin resistance in overweight women .Some studies reported that reduced level of serum AGEs are associated with reduction in body fat mass and adipose tissues in women with PCOS.
Reduced intake of AGEs can be achieved by ;
Finally, more research is needed to fully understand the role of dietary AGEs in chronic diseases and a complete database on AGE content in different foods may helpful for future studies. however, low AGEs diet guidelines are consistent with the existing healthy eating recommendation. As with most dietary issues, the key is moderation: “Just diminish your exposure.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women in their childbearing age around 18 -25% of women all over the world suffering from this syndrome.
Women with this PCOS can represent different symptoms, most common are following;
This condition should invite early diagnosis and intervention because there is considerable evidence that women with PCOS are at increased risk of
infertility, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, metabolic syndrome, type II diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. A Rotterdam criterion is widely used as a diagnostic assessment for PCOS. It requires two of the following three features;
The exact cause of this syndrome remains elusive however excess androgens production and insulin resistance may cause this syndrome. A Genetic factor is also important as several studies reported an increase incidence among first degree relatives. It is reported by studies that around 50-70% of women with PCOS have insulin resistance meaning their cells are not able to use insulin effectively. To keep body glucose normal, the body tries to pump out the high level of insulin. This hyperinsulinemia is associated with weight gain and increase production of androgen hormone testosterone. Insulin resistance makes it harder to lose weight, that’s why women with PCOS experience this issue.
According to international PCOS guideline 2018, lifestyle interventions like diet, exercise, behaviour or combined are recommended as first line management for PCOS. Several studies reported the higher prevalence of obesity and overweight in women with PCOS as compared to the general population so these prevention opportunities are particularly relevant for the management of PCOS symptoms.
Lifestyle intervention is therefore anticipated to work because a reduction in the Body Mass Index (BMI) will be associated with a reduction in insulin resistance, which will, in turn, lead to an improvement in the reproductive and metabolic features of PCOS. Weight loss of as little as 5-10% has been demonstrated to correct oligo anovulation and improve the ability of women with PCOS to conceive.
its is frequently asked by women with PCOS that which diet is best for curing their symptoms but unfortunately there is no such miracle diet. Research shows that diet which reduces insulin resistance like some carbs, proteins and healthy fats may help in improving menstrual irregularities and obesity.
➡️choose your carbs wisely as all carbs are not bad… carbohydrates with high fibre content like whole grains, lentils, legume and beans are helpful in reducing weight and risk of type 2 diabetes in women with PCOS.
➡️ Food with a low glycemic index (a ranking system indicate how rapidly blood sugar level rises after eating carbohydrates) may reduce insulin resistance as reported by several studies.
➡️ Protein may helps in cravings, balance hormones levels and aid in weight reduction, examples are lean meat, egg, seafood and plant based proteins. some evidence has suggested the beneficial effect of a diet with higher ratio of protein to carbohydrates.
➡️ Food that reduces inflammation as; tomato, spinach, olive oil, walnuts, almonds, blueberries and strawberries.
Food to avoid;
stress increases cortisol level and this high level is linked with insulin resistance and weight gain. yoga and meditation can reduce stress as reported by studies.
Several studies observed that short sleep duration is significantly associated with metabolic abnormalities, including higher BMI, raised fasting insulin levels, and increased risk of insulin resistance. Make sure you are getting enough and good quality sleep.
Regular physical activity may help in reducing insulin resistance. studies have shown that low intensity exercise like walking or cycling reduces levels of cortisol and helps in reducing insulin resistance.
certain supplements like vitamin D, Myo inositol may help manage weight and other symptoms of PCOS though there is very little research is available to recommend these supplements for PCOS.
PCOS is distressing for most of the women due to its symptoms and it is suggested by clinicians and dietitians that life style modification is the first line treatment for overweight and obese women.However due to diversity of symptoms one size does no fit for all. Make healthy food choices and create workout plan that suits your body and your PCOS….
Bloating is swelling or distention of the abdomen (belly area) after eating.it is very frequent and normal for the majority of people. About 16-30% of people report that they regularly experience bloating after eating. But for some, it is quite painful and makes them sluggish and uncomfortable.
➡️ Some medical conditions like; celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, eating disorders, hormone flux and food intolerance.
➡️ Serious causes like; ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer liver diseases and kidney diseases but remember, bloating in these conditions is associated with other specific symptoms.
➡️Large meals: eating large potion means our body produces more gas during digestion and that process can lead to our tummy being larger.
➡️Food sensitivity: some food like beans, pulses, lactose, wheat, veggies high in FODMAP may cause bloating in some people.
➡️ fizzy drinks, drinking through a straw and talking during eating may increase the amount of swallowed air.
➡️Stress and anxiety may also cause bloating, poor sleeping habits can have an impact.
➡️Drinking too much caffeine or alcohol
👉Small meal and proper chewing: proper chewing may reduce the amount of swallowed air and makes you eat slower.
👉Check your fibre: fibre intake should be adequate. too little or too much fibre can make bloating worse.
👉Food records: food diaries may help to identify the patterns of symptoms and food you eat.
👉 Fermented food; eating fermented food like kimchi, tempeh, pickles and kefir may reduce bloating as they are full of probiotics and natural way to boost good bacteria in our gut.
👉 Stay well hydrated: As constipation is one of the main cause of bloating and could be triggered by not drinking enough fluid. Aim to drink 1.5 litres of water a day and cut down on hydration robbers like caffeine, alcohol, fizzy drinks.
👉Avoid chewing gums and carbonated drinks.
👉Regular exercise: A short walk after a meal can alleviate bloating. Aim for 30 minutes mild exercise. gentle exercise and stretching can help diffuse trapped gas like yoga
👉 Check your hormonal cycle; many women experienced bloating and constipation when their period is due, because of higher levels of progesterone. Overcome any hormonal hurdle by staying active, drinking plenty of water and eating a healthy diet.
👉Herbal tea can also helpful; peppermint tea or peppermint oil has been shown to relax our gut muscles and help relieve bloating triggered by trapped gas. several studies suggest that peppermint oil in IBS is helpful as it has an antispasmodic effect which means it relax our gut and reduce tummy pain and bloating associated with IBS.
▶️Take-home Message: it is important to remember that occasional bloating is normal but If bloating is associated with diarrhoea and other medical conditions you should consult with the doctor.